Wien Distribution

The equation for blackbody radiation (the Planck equation) is:

Flambda = 2 pi h c2 lambda -5 / (exp(hc/klambdaT) - 1).

or, combining the constants:

Flambda = c1 lambda -5 / exp(c2 /lambdaT) - 1),

where c1 = 2 pi hc2 = 3.7419  × 10-5 erg cm2 s-1 [lambda in cm]
and c2 = hc/k = 1.4288 cm °K.

On the blue side of the distribution (when lambdaT << 1) the 1 in the denominator can be ignored as the exponent become large and the exponential term becomes >> 1. The expression then reduces to:

Flambda = c1lambda -5exp(-c2 /lambdaT)

This expression for the blackbody distribution on the blue side of the maximum of the Planck curve is called the Wien Distribution.

Note: The notation exp(x) is another way of writing ex. In this case I used this form because of the complexity of the term in the exponent, the difficulty of properly creating it in HTML (the language used to write these pages), and the relatively low resolution of computer screens.
Introduction to Blackbody radiation
Wien Distribution
Wien Displacement Law
Stefan-Boltzmann Law

This VRML + HTML package on Blackbody emission was constructed by Karen M. Strom. Contact your local instructor for help if it is used as part of your class.